M. R. Islam, S. R. Sadik, F. Basher and M. B. Khan
Farmers are facing various kinds of health problems due to exposure of pesticides. This study was conducted to find out the use of pesticides and their related health hazards to vegetable farmers. Data was collected by using a structured questionnaire from seventy-five vegetable cultivators of three different villages at Shajahanpur Upazila under Bogura district Bangladesh, from November to December 2021. The findings showed that the utmost used pesticide was Benzol 5 EC (used by 40% interviewed farmers), followed by Hexaconazol 5%, Amamectin 1% + Acetamiprid 3%, Cloropairiphos 50% + Chypermethin 5%, Chypermethin 10%, Lamda chyhelothrin 2.5%, Mancozeb 80 %. Mascut 550 EC had been reported as mostly used pesticide for which the frequency was recorded as 28 times. Diefenaconazol 15% + Propiconazol 15% were the highest using dose (7.5 kg/ha) in vegetable farms. Around 35% of the farmers reported the increasing rate of pesticide application in last 5 years whereas 52% of respondents reported that the amount was the same. No health risk was found for most of the interviewed farmers (65%) during applying pesticide whereas 35 percent of the interviewed farmers claimed that they faced some negative health symptoms. Twenty percent of respondents reported that they experienced itching of eye, skin, and nose irritation while applying pesticide, 11 percent faced headache, 15 percent faced dry cough, 9 percent had a digestive problem, 11 percent faced difficulty in breathing, 5 percent had chest pain and 21 percent had no health problem. This study also specifies that the farmers of Bogura are not conscious of the proper use of pesticides and this kind of behavior results in serious health hazards. Alternative methods and programs especially Integrated Pest Management may be applied for environmentally friendly agricultural production in Bangladesh.
Keywords: Health hazards; Pesticides; Vegetables; Environmental impact.